Costa Rica is the First Tropical Country to Stop and Even Reverse Deforestation
Costa Rica was down to barely half of its original forest cover in the eighties. Taking the lead in the fight for environmental protection, conservation, and restoration, the country was able to restore forests to the current 76%. In 2021, this truly remarkable achievement was recognized and awarded the Earth-shot Prize. The prize was created by Prince William and the Global Alliance, an unprecedented network of organizations worldwide who share a vision to drive change and help repair our planet.
Costa Rica has both primary and secondary forests. Through successful reforestation, most of the cur-rent tropical forests in Costa Rica are secondary forests. Only 24% of the forests in Costa Rica are primary rainforests (UN FAO, 2022) and the majority are located in the Southern Caribbean zone that is home to the largest remaining patch of primary forest in the country.
These unique forests belong to the Talamanca Biological Corridor, and are corridors that provide biolog-ical pathways for wildlife, preserve water, and protect the biodiversity of species of flora and fauna. They also connect patches of rainforest providing wildlife safe access to diverse resources in changing seasons, and gives fauna all the habitats it needs during various stages of its life, including reproduction, growth, and shelter.
Furthermore, the Talamanca Biological Corridor is one of the most important endemic zones within Central America, connecting with the international Amistad National Park with Panama. These forests provide refuge for 60% of Costa Rica’s wildlife animals including 75% of the country’s known amphibi-an and reptile species.